In 1996, California was the first state to legalize medical marijuana, and in 2018 it legalized recreational usage of the praised plant. Given that cannabis has shown effectiveness in reducing chronic pain, controlling diabetes, anxiety, or depression treatment, it was only a matter of time until our dogs started using it. But with canines and cannabis becoming increasingly intimate, there’s also love-hate between them. Sure, treats are wonderful for dogs; however, eating your food is not enjoyable.
In fact, the number of marijuana-related cases involving animals has risen by 448% during the previous six years. Accidents do happen. Pets that are curious get into things they aren’t supposed to on a regular basis. However, it’s critical to be cautious, especially when it comes to eating marijuana edibles.
You just read that your dog has ingested a poisonous substance. You’re probably worried, terrified even. Take a deep breath before you go any further. Remember that pet insurance can help safeguard your dog in instances like this, and don’t forget to take another breath before you continue reading.
What is an Edible?
Before we look at their effects on a dog, let’s first define the term “edible.”
The two active components in marijuana are cannabidiol (or “CBD”) and tetrahydrocannabinol (or “THC”). Edibles may be infused with a variety of dosages of both cannabinoids. Edibles include cookies, brownies, chocolate bars, popcorn, gummy bears, licorice, and other items. CBD and THC can be added to pretty much any edible food.
Edibles With CBD
When taken as a supplement, CBD has non-psychoactive effects. Its most important effects include pain alleviation and relaxation, as well as an increase in appetite. These qualities help explain why CBD is popular among those who suffer from arthritis, seizures, and anxiety.
Cancer patients are increasingly turning to CBD as a whole-body cure alternative to traditional therapy. Chemotherapy, in particular, is known for causing nausea and loss of appetite. CBD has been discovered to be an effective antidote to this problem.
Edibles With THC
The “love” component is THC, while the “fun” component is THC. When consumed, this chemical activates the psychoactive impact or “high.” Drowsiness, profound thinking, serenity, and anxiety are all possible feelings. It also causes the classic “stoner eyes” and dry mouth, as well as physical indications of a “high,” such as drooping eyelids and an unproductive appetite. The effects differ from person to person.
How These Chemicals Work
Cannabis contains two chemicals called “cannabinoids” that bind to distinct endocannabinoid receptors inside our brains, one of which we just happen to have. They’re without a doubt two of the most fascinating chemical compounds currently available, and the proof suggests we’ve barely scratched the surface.
It’s worth noting that dogs have been shown to possess some of the same receptors as humans, which suggests that they may be affected — more or less — by cannabis in a similar way. Obviously, we are unable to ask our dogs any questions. (We can ask, but they aren’t able to respond.)
How Marijuana Edibles Affect a Dog
The effects of marijuana edibles on a dog’s body are dependent on a number of factors. The THC/CBD ratio of the edible is one of the most important variables.
Effects on Dogs from Edibles With No THC
CBD is a non-intoxicating cannabinoid that has been shown to have anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, and analgesic properties. If a dog eats CBD edibles that contain no THC, there will be no observable effects. CBD plays the same role in animals as it does in people, according to research. The dog will not get high or exhibit strange behavior in this situation. You may notice an increase in hunger.
In fact, CBD is frequently used as a component of therapy regimens for these and other illnesses, such as separation anxiety in dogs and cancer.
Effects on Dogs from Edibles With THC
On the other hand, edibles containing a high amount of THC may provide obvious effects.
The following are some of the symptoms that you may notice after a while. You may also detect motor skills and balance problems. Dogs may have difficulties walking straight or even leaning against walls as if dizzy. The eyes might appear “distant,” as if they’d just woken up from a lengthy sleep. Dogs’ perceptions towards their surroundings can alter, manifesting itself as paranoia in some cases.
The following are some of the common mental illnesses that dogs suffer from. Paranoia, in particular, can induce a variety of worrying behaviors in dogs. Some dogs may growl abrasively or bite without cause as a result of their anxiety.
Could an edible kill my dog?
The most harmful foods for your dog are those that are high in THC and contain chocolate or raisin cookies. (If this is the case, make sure to call poison control or an emergency animal hospital.) It’s worth noting that people and dogs aren’t affected in the same way by marijuana!
Is cannabis poisonous to dogs? Yes, technically it can. But it’s not from cannabis that your dog will die; rather, he or she will suffocate and choke to death while vomiting due to a coma. Also, keep in mind that the affects of marijuana will be more powerful and last much longer for dogs because they have far more cannabinoid receptors in their brain than humans.
It can take anything from a day to two days for the signs to completely cease in some situations. However, it’s not very probable in reality. If your dog consumes more than the recommended amounts, there’s an excellent probability of complete cure with adequate care.
Common symptoms of a dog consuming Marijuana (an edible):
If your dog eats something containing THC, it will take about 30 minutes to an hour for the drug to take effect. If they are able to walk at all physically, you may notice dilated pupils, a slower heart rate, and difficulty walking if they have eaten anything containing THC.
Here are some of the warning signals that might indicate moderate to severe cannabis poisoning in cats and dogs:
- Wobbly, uncoordinated movements
- Barking, howling, whining
- Dilated pupils or unusual eye movements
- Breathing Difficulties
- Shock or Collapse
- Hyperactivity or agitation
- Rapid heart rate
Symptoms of cannabis poisoning include vomiting, agitation, excitement, and disorientation. These symptoms tend to go away on their own more often than not, but they can be distressing for your pet. Make sure your pet is well-hydrated with a lot of water. Seizures and coma are signs of severe marijuana poisoning. If you detect any of these indications, please contact a emergency veterinarian right away.
What do you do if your dog has ingested a THC infused edible?
If you’re sure your dog has ingested marijuana, there are a few things you can do to prevent harm. Vomiting, compressing a dog’s stomach, and giving activated charcoal may all assist in the removal of cannabis from a pet’s system.
Your veterinarian may not follow through with any of these procedures. They might release your dog before the THC has completely worn off has an effect. This simply implies it’s up to you to keep your buddy calm and ensure that they feel secure while sobering up.